Welcome to Kerala Cultural

The name Kerala is believed to have been origined from the words "kerala" and "alam". Kerala means coconut and alam location. The mother tongue of Kerala is Malayalam and the natives are known as Malayalees. It is believed that Parasurama is the creator of Kerala. He converted a portion of sea into land by throwing his axe. The name of Kerala has a mention in a very old Sanskrit work "Aitareya Aranyaka" (belonging to the wilderness).

Compared to other States of India, Kerala was very peaceful during British regim. Punnapara Vayalar and Malabar Rebellion are the two revolts that took place during the British regim. Veluthampi Dalava and Pazhassi Raja were the two knwon warriors of those time. Hinduism has ancient roots here, andCultural Kerala is the religion of the majority. The temples of Kerala display exquisite sculptures, carving and architectural features, which testify to the skill of the master craftsmen who created them. Some of the well-known temples of Kerala known for their design and sculptural excellence are the Padmanabhaswamy Temple in Thiruvananthapuram and the Guruvayoor Temple in Thrissur district.

Several people and races have made their significant contribution to the Kerala culture. It is believed that the population of Kerala comprises of a large number of people from the Dravidians race. Hinduism is the main religion with substantial percentage of Muslims and Christians.

Kerala has a rich cultural heritage. Its diverse culture is influenced by three main religions of Hinduism, Christianity and Islam. Exquisite sculptures, music and dance forms can be seen in the historic development of Kerala's cultural traditions. The traditions of Kathakali and Mohiniattam are highly developed art forms that have developed from their folk origins into highly evolved classical dance forms. Kathakali is a 300-year-old dance form developed exclusively in Kerala combiningthe performing art forms of opera, ballet, masque, and pantomime. The dance is a beautiful blending of color, dance, music, drama, and expressions. In a sense, a lot of the fame that the state has gained is mainly due to the popularity of this dance form. Other dance forms of Kerala are Krishnanattom, Mohiniyattom, Thullal, Koodiyattom, Kolkkali, Thiruvathirakali, Kakkarishi Natakom, Oppanna, and Chavittunatakom. Panchavadyam, Nadanpattu, Omanathinkal Kidavo and many more music forms have evolved over the centuries in Kerala.

Onam is a time for sports and festivities and in Kerala-where one third of the area is low lying, covered with canals, lakes, and backwaters-the people take to their boats and country crafts to celebrate. Christmas is another festival that is celebrated with much vigor and enthusiasm in the state. Other important festivals of Kerala are Eid, Muharram, and other festivals that are traditionally celebrated all over the country.

Sree Sankaracharya,Sree Narayana Guru and Charttampi Swamikal contributed a lot which paved the way for the modern culture of Kerala. They fought against untouchability. The Vaikom Satyagraham which paved the way for the 1936 proclamation by Chitra Thirunal Bala Reama Varma of Travancore for the temple entry. Thereafter Malabar and later after the independence Cochin also permitted entry to all castes.

Kerala is noted for its variety of pancakes and steamed rice cakes made from pounded rice. For the Muslims, the lightly flavored Biryani-made of mutton, chicken, egg or fish-takes pride of place. In seafood, mussels are a favourite. For the Christians, who can be seen in large concentration in areas like Kottayam and Pala, ishtew (a derivation of the European stew), with appam is a must for every marriage reception. Kerala also has it's own fermented beverages -the famous kallu (toddy) and patta charayam (arrack). Arrack is extremely intoxicating and is usually consumed with spicy pickles and boiled eggs (patta and mutta).


Tourism Cochin

ARABIAN SEA(an aerial view)

Tourism Cochin

Cultural Kerala