Kerala Cultural

Kerala Legands

Saamoothiri Rulers of Malabarfrom 14th and 18th century AD.
Ayilyam Thirunal Ruler ofTravancorefrom 1831 to 1880. Also known by his literary works.
Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma Last King of Travancore Rajpramukhof Thiru-Kochi.
Dharma Raja Ruler of Travancore from 1733 to 1798. Known for his Principles of Justice.
Marthanda Varma Ruled in the 18th century. Generally referred to as the maker of modern Travancore.
Moolam Thirunal Ruler of Travancore. Famous for his educational reforms.
Raja Kesavadas Dewan of Travancore during the reign of Dharma Raja
Sakthan Thampuran Ruler of Kingdom of Cochin during 1751-1805.
Sir Sri Rama Varma Ruler of Kingdom of Cochin and Father of Modern Cochin. (Abdicated highness)
Swathi Thirunal Rama Varma Erstwhile king of Travancore and a great musician.
Rama Varma Kulashekhara

he last king of Chera empire and undivided Kerala in the 12th century and ruled for 36 years. Supposed to have converted to Islam according to a Muslim legend.

Raja Ravi Varma Raja Ravi Varmais the world famous painter who was born in Kerala on April 29, 1848 and his paintings are considered to be among the best examples of fusingIndian traditions with the techniques of European academic art. Raja Ravi Varma was born at Ravi Varma Koil Thampuran of Kilimanoor palace in the erstwhile princely state of Travancore in Kerala
Sahodharan Ayyappan
A prominent leader of the oppressed classes. Born in 1863, he successfully organized educational and other rights for people of the lowest strata of society.
Kerala Varma Pazhassi Raja Popularly known as the Lion of Kerala was a prince from the royal dynasty of Pazhassi Kottayam which now belongs to Kannur District of Kerala

Civil servants

Alexander P.C. Former governor of Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu and a former Indian civil servant. He served as governor of Tamil Nadu from 1988 to 1990, and governor of Maharashtra from 1993 to 2002. Served as Indira Gandhi's private Secretary.Author of The Corridors of Power
Chalakuzhy Paulose Mathen Member of Parliament from Mavelikara Constituency to the first Lok Sabha(1952), ,Indian Ambassador to the Sudan -1957 and a close friend of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru.
John Mathai Economist who served as India's first Railway Minister and subsequently as India's Finance Minister, taking office shortly after the presentation of India's first Budget, in 1948.
Pillai N.R. Secretary-General, Ministry of External Affairs, in Jawarhalal Nehru's cabinet.
Kavalam Madhava Panikkar Was Home Secretary when Sardar Patel was the Home Minister. Had a successful career as Ambassador to different countries, including China. Authored many books.
Moorkoth Ramunn First Fighter Pilot from Kerala. He gained IPS after retiring from Air Force.
Menon K.P.S. countries. Diplomat who served as Indian Ambassador to China and USSR. He was the head of India's mission in Moscow when Jawaharlal Nehru visited Soviet Union in early fifties, opening a long chapter of friendship between the two
Narayanan M.K. National Security chief and former chief of IB (Intelligence Bureau).
Nirupama Rao Foreign Secretary and successor of Shivshankar Menon, hail from Malappuram District, Kerala. Married to Sudhakar rao present chief secretary of Karnataka.
Seshan T.N. Former CEC.Credited with ensuring fair and free elections and bringing credibility to the Election Commission.
Sreedharan E. Managing Director of Delhi Metro Corp., and former CMD Konkan Railways
Shivshankar Menon Foreign Secretary.nephew to KPS Menon Jr. and grandson to KPS Menon Sr.Credited with ending India's nuclear isolation by playing a pivotal role in the negotiations with the US, the NSG and the IAEA
Gen. Satish Nambiar- Former united nations security general.
Shashi Tharoor Former united nations under secretary and former deputy minister of external affairs of India. Mr.Tharoor was the highest ranking Indian official in the U.N.


K.R. Narayanan (1921-2005) Former President of India.
Devan Nair Former President of Singapore.
V. K. Krishna Menon First defence minister of India.
Joseph Mundassery(1903-1977) First Education Minister of Kerala, social reformer and literary critic.
Lakshmi N. Menon. (1957-1966) First woman foreign minister of India.
E.M.S. Namboodiripad First Chief Minister of unified Kerala State. General Secretary of CPI(M)for many years.
Mathai Manjooran(1912-1970) A gallant freedom fighter, socialist revolutionary, member of the Indian Parliament, Labor Minister in the 2nd EMS communist ministry, and the staunchest advocate towards the formation of Kerala State.
V.P. Menon The right-hand man of Sardar Patelin the unification of princely states during the formation of the Indian Union.
Shashi Tharoor Former Minister of state for external affairs, and former UN undersecretary.
Nirupama Rao Second female Foreign Secretary of India.